Papers & Reports

Original thought leadership and research, developed and published by Cadmus’ subject matter experts.

Evaluation of Verifying Cold Climate Air Source Heat Pumps in Electrically Heated Residential Homes

September 19, 2017

This poster describes the impact evaluation approach and preliminary results of an air source heat pump pilot program in Ontario, Canada.

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Counting on Solar: An Impact Evaluation of Solar PV Systems

September 6, 2017

This paper presents findings from an impact evaluation of residential and commercial solar photo voltaic (PV) systems installed from 2011‐2015 to assess actual electricity production and understand reasons for variation in system performance relative to expectations.

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Variance and Optimization in Non-Residential Building Simulation Receptacle Loads

September 4, 2017

This paper provides data on the variance between reported and actual receptacle load values to provide insight into trends and impacts. This information provides guidance on key common issues when evaluating nonresidential new construction programs.

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Home Energy Reports of Low-Income vs. Standard Households: A Parable of the Tortoise and the Hare?

September 3, 2017

This paper presents findings from an evaluation of the first 18 months of one of the nation's first low-income behavioral-based demand-side management programs comparing key metrics to the utility’s general residential behavioral-based program.

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Simulating the Effects of Air Compressor Controls and Sequencing Strategies in Variable Air Demand Environments

September 2, 2017

Compressed air is one of the most expensive and least efficient uses of energy in manufacturing facilities. Read this white paper to learn about barriers to implementing optimal compressor and sequencing controls in manufacturing facilities.

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Do Energy Codes Really Save Energy?

September 1, 2017

This study represents a significant step forward using measured energy data to estimate code savings and demonstrates the feasibility and reliability, as well as limitations, of using this method.

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Estimating Energy Savings Resulting from Strategic Energy Management Programs: Methodology Comparison

August 28, 2017

In this study, the authors use simulated energy consumption, based on models representing industrial facilities that participate in SEM, to answer two important questions: Which regression analysis framework should evaluators use to calculate accurate, robust savings estimates? How should the facility regression model be specified within that framework?

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Growing Pains: Lessons from the Edge of SEM Program Evaluation

August 26, 2017

This study provides insights into complex issues discovered during Bonneville Power Administration’s (BPA) Energy Smart Industrial Strategic Energy Management (SEM) evaluation. This paper will provide high-level findings from the evaluation, and will dive into the evaluation challenges that arose, many of which have implications for utility planning and evaluation activities.

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Evaluating Cold-Climate Heat Pumps: Understanding How and Where Cold-Climate Heat Pumps Can Displace Less Efficient Heating Sources

August 25, 2017

In this study, a set of methods for addressing the relationship between temperature and ductless heat pump efficiency were established, tested, and implemented across 152 homes in Massachusetts and Rhode Island, and from the resulting data several analyses are developed.

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A Comparison of Approaches to Estimating the Time-Aggregated Uncertainty of Savings Estimated from Meter Data

August 16, 2017

An increasing number of utility programs use savings estimates based on changes at the utility meter, using regressions, or other data-driven approaches. Because of this, an understanding of the uncertainty in these estimates is increasingly important. This paper explores that uncertainty.

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Energy Savings from Weatherizing Manufactured Homes

August 15, 2017

This study provides evidence from a randomized control trial about electricity savings from weatherizing manufactured homes, as well as insights about how utilities can effectively deliver programs to manufactured home customers.

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Are We There Yet? How to Measure Market Transformation

August 10, 2017

This poster describes an approach used to measure and attribute savings from a market transformation program to utility intervention activities over multiyear efforts.

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Economic Impact Analyses of Energy Efficiency in the Midwest

January 26, 2017

The Midwest Energy Efficiency Alliance commissioned Cadmus to conduct research on the economic impact of regional investments in energy efficiency.

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Demand Response In The Northwest

December 19, 2016

Summary of content presented at the 2016 NW Demand Response Symposium

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Recertifying Existing LEED Buildings: Your How-to Guide

September 23, 2016

OK, you have an Existing LEED Building certification. What’s next?

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Connecticut Green Bank Residential Solar Investment Program Evaluations

March 21, 2016

Cadmus has conducted two evaluations of the Connecticut Green Bank's Residential Solar Investment Program, through which incentives for residential solar photovoltaic systems are provided for Connecticut electric ratepayers. These evaluations provide assessments of the program at different time points and with different focus areas.

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New York State Data Center Market Characterization

March 15, 2016

New York State Data Center Market Characterization conveys the results of research conducted by the Cadmus team for the New York State Energy Research and Development Authority (NYSERDA) to assess the energy efficiency opportunity and potential of data centers in the commercial and industrial market in New York state.

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Six Essential Strategies for Strong CDP Scores

February 18, 2016

Cadmus’ CDP experts lay out how companies can benefit from CDP reporting and gain maximum CDP scores for disclosure and performance.

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Energy Investment Partnerships: How State and Local Governments Are Engaging Private Capital to Drive Clean Energy Investments

December 16, 2015

Cadmus was proud to lead the team that produced this report on financing mechanisms that stimulate and facilitate clean energy investment.

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Commercial Refrigeration Loadshape Project

December 4, 2015

The results of a 2015 commercial refrigeration study conducted for the Northeast Energy Efficiency Partnerships (NEEP).

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Strategic Uses of Ongoing Fast Feedback Customer Satisfaction Studies

August 13, 2015

Jill Steiner of Cadmus and Joseph Forcillo of Consumers Energy discuss the design, logistics, and results of an innovative customer satisfaction survey approach.

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More Bulb for the Buck? Verifying Ratepayer Value in an Upstream Lighting Program

A critical perspective on administration of upstream lighting programs and the importance of monitoring pricing in these programs.

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Assessing the Economic Impacts of Publicly Funded Investments in Energy-Efficiency Programs

August 12, 2015

Analysis of economic impacts associated with a $26.1 million American Recovery and Reinvestment Act investment in a portfolio of energy-efficiency programs.

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Warming Up to Direct Install Refrigeration Measures

Presented at IEPEC 2015, this paper discusses a multistate study of common direct install refrigeration retrofit measures conducted by the Northeast Energy Efficiency Partnerships.

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Optimizing the Post-Occupancy Evaluation Timeline for Commercial New Construction Simulation Modeling

This paper, presented at IEPEC 2015, provides analysis of models that use utility billing data to examine building performance and the effectiveness of energy-efficiency measures.

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Improvements in Strategic Energy Management Program Impact Evaluation Methods: Lessons Learned from Several Recent Projects

August 11, 2015

Authors from Cadmus, BPA, and ETO discuss challenging strategic energy management evaluation areas and offer recommendations for standardizing reporting.

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Benchmarking and Best Practices Research: Making it Real

Coauthors from Cadmus and Consumers Energy detail an innovative approach to benchmarking and establishing best practices for energy-efficiency programs.

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Vacation Destination Nantucket – No Walk in the Park When You Are on an Island

This paper, presented at IEPEC 2015, discusses a study on collecting energy-efficiency data via site visits on a remote island with limited resources.

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When Failure Can Be a Resounding Success: The Demonstration Project

Discusses key components of successful technology demonstration projects to assess the savings performance, customer acceptance, and large-scale feasibility of new technologies.

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Drought Management in a Changing Climate: Using Cost-Benefit Analyses to Assist Drinking Water Utilities

August 10, 2015

A cost-benefit analysis can help drinking water utilities evaluate and compare alternative drought management practices and select those that have the greatest net benefit for their systems. This Water Research Foundation report provides relevant background information and guidance.

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