Considerations of risk and risk management are implicit in the federal drinking water standards, which set legal limits on specific contaminants based on the level that protects human health. As the leading provider of contractor support services to the U.S. EPA Office of Ground Water and Drinking Water, Cadmus undertakes a variety of activities to help the Agency manage risk in the development of drinking water regulations, including analyzing:
- Contaminant occurrence in public water systems.
- Human exposure to these contaminants.
- The adverse health effects and the risk of experiencing adverse health effects from exposure to drinking water contaminants.
- The reduction in adverse health effects a proposed drinking water regulation could be expected to provide.
- The availability and cost of methods to monitor for the presence of drinking water contaminants in the field and in the laboratory.
- The availability and cost of engineering solutions and treatment to reduce or eliminate exposure to drinking water contaminants.
Cadmus also provides a wide range of risk communication services related to drinking water contaminants and drinking water regulations, such as:
- Developing fact sheets and other public outreach materials.
- Developing technical support and information for consumer confidence reports and the posting of other regulatory compliance information on websites.
- Conducting analyses and developing reports on the relative risk of contaminants, risk reduction expected from various treatment techniques, etc., and the potential costs, during the rulemaking process.